Global Endorsement of the Declaration of Taxpayer’s Human Rights 賦稅人權宣言 全球網路連署



Global Endorsement of the Declaration
on Taxpayer’s Human Rights

Number of Endorsement: 20155

Nationality: 108   (List)

Preface to Global Endorsement of the Declaration of Taxpayer's Human Rights

In response to the world’s rapid economic changes and the most recent trend of human rights concerns in the 21st century, every world citizen should pay close attention to the development of the international issues of taxpayer’s human rights.

Taxation is the cornerstone of a nation’s infrastructure and development. The taxes levied directly impact people's property rights, the right to life and other fundamental human rights. It also affects the continued existence of the family, the survival of children's growth, the stability of social and economic development. Taxpayer’s human rights have become part of the international trend of acknowledging the universal applicability of​​ human rights. We acknowledge that only with fair and just tax policy, can the government collect taxes with peace of mind that taxpayers will willingly accept without creating additional stress and worry in their lives. Taxation based on human rights must be implemented so that every nation can enjoy prosperity and peace. Therefore, establishing a mechanism for taxpayer’s human rights will be an important component for a nation to protect its people's basic rights.

Therefore, in December of 2012, the Association of World Citizens, a NGO holding consultative status with the UN through ECOSCO and associated with the Department of Public Information and the Federation of World Peace and Love together launched an endorsement campaign for the Declaration of Taxpayer’s Human Rights during the 13th International Conference of Chief Justices of the World held in India, to encourage all governments to take actions to “protect people's basic right to life, respect the principle of evidence, uphold procedural justice, and truly implement human rights protection” in their taxation practices. In total, the event received 53 ardent responses from Heads of State, chief justices, as well as eminent figures from all circles.

The Global Endorsement of the Declaration of Taxpayer’s Human Rights is aimed to call upon all nations to set human rights as first priority within their tax systems, rectify their tax systems to comply with the principle of fairness and justice so that their people and countries will prosper and the society will enjoy the safety.

We sincerely urge every world citizen’s participation to protect the universal values ​​of human rights practice.

Declaration on Taxpayer's Human Rights

Many countries around the world are facing real challenges in making universal human rights the core values of their society. Taxation is the foundation upon which a State can develop and prosper. However, illegitimate tax collection severely impacts the fundamental human rights of a taxpayer such as property rights and the right to life. Unjust taxation can further deteriorate the living of a family, the growth and survival of children, and the development and prosperity of a society. Taxpayer’s human rights have naturally become a key universal value to promote as integral to human rights around the world. Thus, a fair, equitable and legitimate taxation scheme is of paramount importance to the protection of human rights and national development. We advocate that national governments observe the following principles:

In witness of the important impact on the right to life, the national government should protect the basic fundamental right to life when collecting taxes due.

In witness of the deprivation of civilian properties from tax levies, the tax collection should be based on clear guidelines/rules set by Tax Law, which should not be escalated by the government in unfounded and unjust ways.

In witness of the due process of law for taxations and related penalties in compliance with the principle of proportionality, the government should define the defenses and remedies available to taxpayers, protection of privacy, right of relief and right to be properly informed.

In witness of the maintenance of economic and social order, taxation should abide by Law and not exceed the freedom of contract so as to maintain the autonomy of private law.

In witness of the stability of economics and society, and the maintenance of a stable relationship of civilians with Law, the proceedings and the resolutions of tax disputes should follow a legal path within a reasonable timeframe and be made as swift as legally possible.

In the settlement of tax disputes between taxpayers and the government, tax collections should be based upon evidences and follow the principle of reasoning and the rules of experience.

Considering the importance of the protection of the right to liberty of movement lawfully within the territory of a State, and the right to life and the right to work, the government when collecting taxes should take into consideration the balance of national interests and the protection of human rights and abide by the principles of proportionality and reservations made by the judge.

The right to remedy is the last defense to protect basic civil rights. Therefore, the government should develop a scheme complying with just and effective procedures, and ensure that those involved in the adjudication have a knowledge of international human rights, a law background and taxation expertise.

Respect for humanity is the first step towards protection of human rights. The protection of fundamental human rights has been clearly articulated in International Human Rights Covenants, the constitution, relevant laws and regulations and should be free from illegal infringement. Everyone is born equal and deserves the same respect for fundamental human rights. The relation between taxation and the respect of human rights should be highlighted and reiterated. National governments are urged to make the reforms necessary to create a taxation system with impartiality, reason and equality so that justice may prevail.


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